When you are done, try the Phrases Quiz.

Phrases are a group of related words that doesn't have a subject, or a predicate, or both and that acts as a single part of speech.

There are several types of phrases:

Prepositional phrases are made up of a preposition and its objects and modifiers. The object of the preposition is a noun or something acting as a noun such as a gerund. Prepositional phrases act as adjectives or adverbs.

Noun phrases are made up of a noun or nouns and their modifiers. They can be subjects or objects.

Verb phrases are made up of a verb or verbs and their helping or auxillary verbs. They can be predicates or clauses. An infinitive is a special type of verb phrase that begins with the word to.


The following table gives examples of phrases.


Examples of phrases
The first president of the United States George Washington served two terms.
(Noun phrase)
The butterfly flew away quickly.
(Verb phrase)
The kite fluttered in the sky.
(Prepositional phrase)
They are going to play volleyball.(Infinitive phrase) We made a trip to the vineyard.
(Prepositional phrase)
George Washington Butterfly Kite Volleyball Grapes


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