Now that you have learned how to do long division, it is time to learn some shortcuts. When one divides a one digit number into one with two or more digits, one can do some of the steps in one's head to shorten the process.
Divide 78 by 2
DIVIDE: 2 goes into 7 about 3 times with one leftover.
1DIVIDE: 2 goes into 18 about 9 times. Notice the small one in front of the 8 which is a reminder of what is being divided into the second time.
DIVIDE: 2 goes into 18 exactly 9 times.
ANSWER: 78 divided by 2 equals 39 R.0
3
_
9
R.0
2)
7
1
8
Divide 463 by 5
DIVIDE: 5 can't go into 4, but can go into 46 about 9 times with 1 leftover.
DIVIDE: 5 goes into 13 about 2 times with 3 leftover.
ANSWER: 463 divided by 5 equals 93 R. 4
_
9
_
3
R.4
5)
4
6
1
3
Divide 972 by 4
DIVIDE: 4 goes into 9 about 2 times with 1 leftover.
DIVIDE: 4 goes into 17 about 4 times with 1 leftover.