Verbs - Verbos Title

Conjugation of Stem Changing O- UE Verbs

 

 

Study the words and then try the AR Verbs Quiz.

The stem of the verb is the part that usually doesn't change when endings do in a verb from the infinitive. There are certain verbs ending in "ar", "er" and "ir" that change their stems in certain tenses in all but the first and second person plural.

The following show how to conjugate the forms of regular verbs ending in AR..

Impersonal Forms - Formas no personales

The impersonal forms do not refer to a specific person.

Infinitive - Infinitivo: To sleep - dormir

Compound Infinitive - Infinitivo Compuesto; To have slept - haber dormido

Gerundio: sleeping - durmiendo

Gerundio Compuesto: habiendo dormido

 

Participle - Participio - slept - dormido


Imperative - Imperativo:

The imperative does not have a first person (I, we form).

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
sleep (you understood) duerme tú sleep (you understood) dormid vosotros
sleep (He/She/It) duerma usted sleep (they understood) duermen ustedes

 

Simple Tenses - Tiempos Simples

Indicative - Indicativo

The indicative mood in Spanish is used to express certainty or things that are more factual.

Present - Presente

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I sleep duermo We sleep dormimos
You sleep duermes You sleep dormis
He/She/It sleeps duerme They sleep duermen

 

 

Present Progressive - Presente Progressivo

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I am sleeping estoy durmiendo We are sleeping estamos durmiendo
You are sleeping estás durmiendo You are sleeping estáis durmiendo
He/She/It is sleeping está durmiendo They are sleeping están durmiendo

 

Past Progressive

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I was sleeping estaba durmiendo We were sleeping estabamos durmiendo
You were sleeping estabas durmiendo You were sleeping estabais durmiendo
He/She/It was sleeping estaba durmiendo They were sleeping estaban durmiendo

 

 

Preterite Imperfect - Pretérito Imperfecto

The preterite tells less exactly when an action took place in the past - it is less perfect as far as precise time.

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I slept dormía We slept dormíamos
You slept dormías You slept dormíais
He/She/It slept dormía They slept dormían

 

Preterite - Pretérito Indefinido

The preterite tells more exactly when an action took place in the past.

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I slept dormí We slept dormimos
You slept dormiste You slept dormisteis
He/She/It slept durmió They slept durmieron

 

Future - Futuro

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I will sleep dormiré We will sleep dormiremos
You will sleep dormirás You will sleep dormiréis
He/She/It will sleep dormirá They will sleep dormirán

 

Conditional - Condicional

The conditional is used with phrases such as If phrases.

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I sleep dormiría We sleep dormiríamos
You sleep dormirías You sleep dormiríais
He/She/It sleeps dormiría They sleep dormirían

 

Subjunctive - Subjunctivo

The subjunctive mood is used much more in Spanish - especially when information is less certain - for example when someone hopes something will happen or thinks it will happen.

 

Present - Presente

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I sleep duerma We sleep duermamos
You sleep duermas You sleep durmáis
He/She/It sleeps duerma They sleep duerman

 

Preterite Imperfect - Pretérito Imperfecto

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I slept durmeria We slept durmiéramos
You slept durmieras You slept durmierais
He/She/It slept durmiera They slept durmieran

 

Preterite - Pretérito Indefinido

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I slept durmiese We slept durmiésemos
You slept durmieses You slept durmieseis
He/She/It slept durmiese They slept durmiesen

 

Future - Futuro

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I will sleep durmiere We will sleep durmiéremos
You will sleep durmies You will sleep durmiereis
He/She/It will sleep durmiere They will sleep durmieren

 

 

Compound Forms - Tiempo Compuestos

Indicative - Indicativo

Present Perfect - Presente Perfect - An action that occurred in the past and may continue to the present.

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I have slept he dormido
We have slept hemos dormido
You have slept has dormido You have slept doréis dormido
He/She/It has slept ha dormido They have slept han dormido

 

Preterite Pluperfect - Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto o Antecopretérito

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I had slept había dormido We had slept habíamos dormido
You had slept habías dormido You had slept habíais dormido
He/She/It had slept había dormido They had slept habían dormido

 

Past Preterite - Pretérito Anterior

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I had slept hube dormido We had slept hubimos dormido
You had slept hubiste dormido You had slept hubieis dormido
He/She/It had slept hubo dormido They had slept hubieron dormido

 

Future Perfect - Futuro Perfecto o Antefuturo - An action that will occur before something else in the future

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I will have slept habré dormido We will have slept habremos dormido
You will have slept habrás dormido You will have slept habréis dormido
He/She/It will have slept habrá dormido They will have slept habrán dormido

 

Conditional Perfect - Condicional Perfecto o Antepospretérito

 

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I have slept habría dormido
We have slept habríamos dormido
You have slept habrías dormido You have slept habríais dormido
He/She/It has slept habría dormido They have slept habrían dormido

 

Subjunctive - Subjunctivo

 

Present Perfect Subjunctive - Presente Perfecto o Antepresente Subjunctivo - An action that occurred in the past and may continue to the present.

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I have slept haya dormido We have slept hayamos dormido
You have slept hayas dormido You have slept hayáis dormido
He/She/It have slept haya dormido They have slept hayan dormido

 

Past Pluperfect Subjunctive - Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I had slept hubiera dormido We had slept hubieramos dormido
You had slept hubieras dormido You had slept hubierais dormido
He/She/It had slept hubiera dormido They had slept hubieran dormido

 

Past Preterite Subjunctive - Antepretérito Subjunctivo

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I had slept hubiese dormido We had slept hubiésemos dormido
You had slept hubieses dormido You had slept hubieseis dormido
He/She/It had slept hubiese dormido They had slept hubiesen dormido

 

Future Perfect Subjunctive - Futuro Perfecto Subjunctivo o Antefuturo - An action that will occur before something else in the future

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I will have slept hubiere dormido We will have slept hubiéremos dormido
You will have slept hubieres dormido You will have slept hubiereis dormido
He/She/It will have slept hubiere dormido They will have slept hubieren dormido