Verbs - Verbos Title

Conjugation of Stem Changing E- I Verbs

 

 

Study the words and then try the Stem Changing E to I Verbs Quiz.

The stem of the verb is the part that usually doesn't change when endings do in a verb from the infinitive. There are certain verbs ending in "ar", "er" and "ir" that change their stems in certain tenses in all but the first and second person plural.

The following show how to conjugate the forms of regular verbs ending in AR..

Impersonal Forms - Formas no personales

The impersonal forms do not refer to a specific person.

Infinitive - Infinitivo: To say - dir

Compound Infinitive - Infinitivo Compuesto; To have said - haber dicho

Gerundio: saying - diciendo

Gerundio Compuesto: habiendo dicho

 

Participle - Participio - said - dicho


Imperative - Imperativo:

The imperative does not have a first person (I, we form).

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
say (you understood) cierre tú say (you understood) dird vosotros
say (He/She/It) cierra usted say (they understood) cierren ustedes

 

Simple Tenses - Tiempos Simples

Indicative - Indicativo

The indicative mood in Spanish is used to express certainty or things that are more factual.

Present - Presente

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I say digo We say decimos
You say dices You say deceis
He/She/It says dice They say decen

 

 

Present Progressive - Presente Progressivo

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I am saying estoy diciendo We are saying estamos diciendo
You are saying estás diciendo You are saying estáis diciendo
He/She/It is saying está diciendo They are saying están diciendo

 

Past Progressive

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I was saying estaba diciendo We were saying estabamos diciendo
You were saying estabas diciendo You were saying estabais diciendo
He/She/It was saying estaba diciendo They were saying estaban diciendo

 

 

Preterite Imperfect - Pretérito Imperfecto

The preterite tells less exactly when an action took place in the past - it is less perfect as far as precise time.

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I said dirba We said cerrábamos
You said dirbas You said dirbais
He/She/It said dirba They said dirban

 

Preterite - Pretérito Indefinido

The preterite tells more exactly when an action took place in the past.

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I said dije We said dijimos
You said dijiste You said dijisteis
He/She/It said dijró They said dijeron

 

Future - Futuro

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I will say diré We will say diremos
You will say dirás You will say diréis
He/She/It will say dirá They will say dirán

 

Conditional - Condicional

The conditional is used with phrases such as If phrases.

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I say diría We say diríamos
You say dirías You say diríais
He/She/It says diría They say dirían

 

Subjunctive - Subjunctivo

The subjunctive mood is used much more in Spanish - especially when information is less certain - for example when someone hopes something will happen or thinks it will happen.

 

Present - Presente

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I say diga We say digamos
You say digas You say digáis
He/She/It says diga They say digan

 

Preterite Imperfect - Pretérito Imperfecto

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I said dijera We said dijeramos
You said dijeras You said dijerais
He/She/It said dijera They said dijeran

 

Preterite - Pretérito Indefinido

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I said dijese We said dijésemos
You said dijeses You said dijeseis
He/She/It said dijese They said dijesen

 

Future - Futuro

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I will say dijere We will say dijéremos
You will say dijeres You will say dijereis
He/She/It will say dijere They will say dijeren

 

 

Compound Forms - Tiempo Compuestos

Indicative - Indicativo

Present Perfect - Presente Perfect - An action that occurred in the past and may continue to the present.

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I have said he dicho
We have said hemos dicho
You have said has dicho You have said doréis dicho
He/She/It has said ha dicho They have said han dicho

 

Preterite Pluperfect - Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto o Antecopretérito

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I had said había dicho We had said habíamos dicho
You had said habías dicho You had said habíais dicho
He/She/It had said había dicho They had said habían dicho

 

Past Preterite - Pretérito Anterior

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I had said hube dicho We had said hubimos dicho
You had said hubiste dicho You had said hubieis dicho
He/She/It had said hubo dicho They had said hubieron dicho

 

Future Perfect - Futuro Perfecto o Antefuturo - An action that will occur before something else in the future

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I will have said habré dicho We will have said habremos dicho
You will have said habrás dicho You will have said habréis dicho
He/She/It will have said habrá dicho They will have said habrán dicho

 

Conditional Perfect - Condicional Perfecto o Antepospretérito

 

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I have said habría dicho
We have said habríamos dicho
You have said habrías dicho You have said habríais dicho
He/She/It has said habría dicho They have said habrían dicho

 

Subjunctive - Subjunctivo

 

Present Perfect Subjunctive - Presente Perfecto o Antepresente Subjunctivo - An action that occurred in the past and may continue to the present.

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I have said haya dicho We have said hayamos dicho
You have said hayas dicho You have said hayáis dicho
He/She/It have said haya dicho They have said hayan dicho

 

Past Pluperfect Subjunctive - Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I had said hubiera dicho We had said hubieramos dicho
You had said hubieras dicho You had said hubierais dicho
He/She/It had said hubiera dicho They had said hubieran dicho

 

Past Preterite Subjunctive - Antepretérito Subjunctivo

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I had said hubiese dicho We had said hubiésemos dicho
You had said hubieses dicho You had said hubieseis dicho
He/She/It had said hubiese dicho They had said hubiesen dicho

 

Future Perfect Subjunctive - Futuro Perfecto Subjunctivo o Antefuturo - An action that will occur before something else in the future

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I will have said hubiere dicho We will have said hubiéremos dicho
You will have said hubieres dicho You will have said hubiereis dicho
He/She/It will have said hubiere dicho They will have said hubieren dicho