Verbs - Verbos Title

Conjugation of ER Verbs -

Conjugación de ER Verbos

 

 

Study the words and then try the ER Verbs Quiz.

The following show how to conjugate the forms of regular verbs ending in AR..

Impersonal Forms - Formas no personales

The impersonal forms do not refer to a specific person.

Infinitive - Infinitivo: To eat - comer

Compound Infinitive - Infinitivo Compuesto; To have eaten - haber comido

Gerundio: eating - comiendo

Gerundio Compuesto: habiendo comido

 

Participle - Participio - eaten - comido


Imperative - Imperativo:

The imperative does not have a first person (I, we form).

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
eat (you understood) come tú eat (you understood) comed vosotros
eat (He/She/It) coma usted eat (they understood) coman ustedes

 

Simple Tenses - Tiempos Simples

Indicative - Indicativo

The indicative mood in Spanish is used to express certainty or things that are more factual.

Present - Presente

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I eat como We eat comemos
You eat comes You eat coméis
He/She/It eats come They eat comen

 

Present Progressive - Presente Progressivo

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I am eating estoy comiendo We are eating estamos comiendo
You are eating estás comiendo You are eating estáis comiendo
He/She/It is eating está comiendo They are eating están comiendo

 

Past Progressive

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I was eating estaba comiendo We were eating estabamos comiendo
You were eating estabas comiendo You were eating estabais comiendo
He/She/It was eating estaba comiendo They were eating estaban comiendo

 

 

 

Preterite Imperfect - Pretérito Imperfecto

The preterite imperfect tells less exactly when an action took place in the past - it is less perfect as far as precise time.

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I ate comía We ate comíamos
You ate comías You ate comíais
He/She/It ate comía They ate comían

 

Preterite - Pretérito Indefinido

The preterite tells more exactly when an action took place in the past.

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I ate comí We ate comimos
You ate comíste You ate comisteis
He/She/It ate comió They ate comieron

 

Future - Futuro

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I will eat comeré We will eat comeremos
You will eat comerás You will eat comeréis
He/She/It will eat comerá They will eat comerán

 

Conditional - Condicional

The conditional is used with phrases such as If phrases.

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I eat comería We eat comeríamos
You eat comerías You eat comeríais
He/She/It eats comería They eat comerían

 

Subjunctive - Subjunctivo

The subjunctive mood is used much more in Spanish - especially when information is less certain - for example when someone hopes something will happen or thinks it will happen.

 

Present - Presente

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I eat coma We eat comamos
You eat comas You eat comais
He/She/It eats coma They eat coman

 

Preterite Imperfect - Pretérito Imperfecto

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I ate comiera We ate comiérmos
You ate comieras You ate comiérais
He/She/It ate comiera They ate comiéran

 

Preterite - Pretérito Indefinido

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I ate comiese We ate comiésemos
You ate comieses You ate comieseis
He/She/It ate comiese They ate comiesen

 

Future - Futuro

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I will eat comere We will eat habláremos
You will eat comeres You will eat comereis
He/She/It will eat comere They will eat comeren

 

 

Compound Forms - Tiempo Compuestos

Indicative - Indicativo

Present Perfect - Presente Perfect - An action that occurred in the past and may continue to the present.

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I have eaten he comido
We have eaten hemos comido
You have eaten has comido You have eaten habéis comido
He/She/It has eaten ha comido They have eaten han comido

 

Preterite Pluperfect - Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto o Antecopretérito

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I had eaten había comido We had eaten habíamos comido
You had eaten habías comido You had eaten habíais comido
He/She/It had eaten había comido They had eaten habían comido

 

Past Preterite - Pretérito Anterior

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I had eaten hube comido We had eaten hubimos comido
You had eaten hubiste comido You had eaten hubieis comido
He/She/It had eaten hubo comido They had eaten hubieron comido

 

Future Perfect - Futuro Perfecto o Antefuturo - An action that will occur before something else in the future

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I will have eaten habré comido We will have eaten habremos comido
You will have eaten habrás comido You will have eaten habréis comido
He/She/It will have eaten habrá comido They will have eaten habrán comido

 

Conditional Perfect - Condicional Perfecto o Antepospretérito

 

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I have eaten habría comido
We have eaten habríamos comido
You have eaten habrías comido You have eaten habríais comido
He/She/It has eaten habría comido They have eaten habrían comido

 

Subjunctive - Subjunctivo

 

Present Perfect Subjunctive - Presente Perfecto o Antepresente Subjunctivo - An action that occurred in the past and may continue to the present.

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I have eaten haya comido We have eaten hayamos comido
You have eaten hayas comido You have eaten hayáis comido
He/She/It have eaten haya comido They have eaten hayan comido

 

Past Pluperfect Subjunctive - Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I had eaten hubiera comido We had eaten hubieramos comido
You had eaten hubieras comido You had eaten hubierais comido
He/She/It had eaten hubiera comido They had eaten hubieran comido

 

Past Preterite Subjunctive - Antepretérito Subjunctivo

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I had eaten hubiese comido We had eaten hubiésemos comido
You had eaten hubieses comido You had eaten hubieseis comido
He/She/It had eaten hubiese comido They had eaten hubiesen comido

 

Future Perfect Subjunctive - Futuro Perfecto Subjunctivo o Antefuturo - An action that will occur before something else in the future

Singular English Word
La palabra inglés
Singular Spanish Word
La palabra español
Plural English Word
La palabra inglés
Plural Spanish Word
La palabra español
I will have eaten hubiere comido We will have eaten hubiéremos comido
You will have eaten hubieres comido You will have eaten hubiereis comido
He/She/It will have eaten hubiere comido They will have eaten hubieren comido